# HOW TO CALCULATE PILE LOAD CAPACITY IN WEATHERED ROCK OR SOFT ROCK?

|**Pile Load Capacity Calculation in Weathered or Soft Rock**

This method of calculating pile load capacity was suggested by Cole & Stroud. Cole & Stroud used ‘N’ values or results of standard penetration tests to find allowable load capacity of the pile in weathered rocks.

The formula suggested by Cole & Stroud is given below. In the formula, the 1^{st} term gives the end bearing resistance and the 2^{nd} term gives the socketed bond strength between rock & pile.

Where,

Q_{a} = Allowable load capacity of pile, in kN

C_{u1} = Shear strength of rock below the base of the pile, in kN/m^{2}. (This is found out from fig-1, given below)

C_{u2} = Average shear strength of rock in the socketed length of pile, in kN/m^{2}. (This is found out from fig-1, given below)

N_{c} = Bearing capacity factor taken as 9

F_{s} = Factor of safety usually taken as 3

α = Adhesion factor, (recommended value is 0.9)

B = Minimum width of pile shaft (or diameter in case of circular pile) in m.

L = Socketed length of pile, in m

**Notes to Remember**

- The rock is considered to be weathered rock or soft rock if SPT values or N values are more 60. If less then it is considered as soil.
- If N values are more than 200, then, pile load capacity should be calculated on the basis of shear strength or rock.

**Reference**

IS: 2911-Part-1-Sec-2

HI dear Suryakanta

pl check up again the formula. what is the difference between Cu1 and Cu2? they are not separately shown in Fig 1. with this formula what do you think of pile capacity of a pile 1 m dia, L =6.0m, say N =250. request to show calculations.

regards

saransh mehta