UNIT WEIGHT OF COMMON CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

Unit Weight/Dead Weight of Construction Materials

The tables given below give the unit weight or dead weight of some common construction material that is used by designer while computing load related calculation.

1. Bituminous Substance

Item Weight (kg/m3)
Anthracite coal 1550
Peat (dry) 560 to 640
Charcoal (light) 300
Coke 1000
Graphite 500
Crude oil 880
Pitch 1010
Coal tar 1010

 

2. Excavated materials

Item Weight (kg/m3)
Clay (dry, compact) 1440
Clay (damp, compact) 1760
Earth (dry) 1410 to 1840
Earth (moist) 1600 to 2000
Sand (dry) 1540 to 1600
Sand (wet) 1760 to 2000

 

3. Liquids

Item Weight (kg/m3)
Alcohol 780
Gasoline 670
Ice 910
Nitric acid 91 percent 1510
Sulphuric acid 87 percent 1790
Vegetable oil 930
Water (fresh) 1000

 

4. Building Materials

Item Weight (kg/m3)
Bricks 1600 to 1920
Cement (ordinary) 1440
Chalk 2240
Glass 2400 to 2720
Limestone 2400 to 2640
Sandstone 2250 to 2400
Steel 7850
timber 650 to 720

 

5. Structural Items, ceilings, finishes etc

Item Weight (kg/m3)
Asbestos cement sheets 12 to 15.6
Brick masonry 1920
Brick wall, 100 mm thick 192
Brick wall, 200 mm thick 384
Brick wall, 300 mm thick 576
Cement plaster, 25 mm thick 25
Concrete, plain 2300
Concrete, reinforced 2400
Galvanized iron steel, 0.56 mm thick 5
Galvanized iron steel, 1.63 mm thick 13
Mangalore tiles with battens 65
Dry rubble masonry 2080

 

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