# VOLUME BATCHING OF CONCRETE – WORKED OUT EXAMPLE

In my previous post I discussed with you about volume batching of concrete and how it is done in field.

Now let us solve an example, so that you become more confident in the field. In this example I have also tried o show you, how correction for bulking is applied and how correction of any surface moisture is applied.

## Data Given

• Relative proportion of cement : sand : coarse aggregate is 1:2:4
• Water-cement ratio is 0.6
• Moisture content in fine aggregate (i.e. sand) is 6% by volume
• Moisture content in coarse aggregate is 1.5% by volume
• Bulking of fine aggregate is 20%

## Solution

 Step-1-Calculating Volume of Dry material Required Ratio of materials by volume =1:2:4 Volume of one bag of cement =35 litres Volume of dry fine aggregate required =35*2=70 litres Volume of dry coarse aggregate required =35*4=140 litres Water-cement ratio =0.60 Total water required =0.60*50=30 litres Step-2-Applying Correction for Moisture Present in Aggregate Moisture percent in fine aggregate (F.A.) =6% Amount of moisture present in F.A. =70*(6/100)=4.2 litres Moisture percent in coarse aggregate (C.A.) =1.5% Amount of moisture present in C.A. =140*(1.5/100)=2.1 litres So extra amount of moisture present in C.A & F.A. =4.2+2.1=6.3 litres Net water to be added =Total water-extra amount of water present as moisture content=30-6.3 =23.7 litres Step-3-Applying Correction for Bulking of fine aggregate Bulking of fine aggregate =20%  of total volume of F.A.=70*(20/100) =14 litres Moist fine aggregate required =70+14=84 litres

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