The below mentioned terminologies are used to express different forms of cut bricks used in brick masonry construction.

1. Closer

It is the portion of the brick cut along the length in such a way as one long face remains intact.

2. Queen Closer

When a brick is cut along its length, making it two equal halves then it is called queen closer. Thus a queen closer is a broken brick portion whose width is half as wide as the original brick. This is also called as queen closer half.

3. Queen Closer Quarter

If a queen closer is broken into two equal pieces then it is known as queen closer quarter. Such a closer is thus a brick piece which is one quarter of the brick size.

Different forms of Queen closer
Different forms of Queen closer

4. King Closer

If a brick is cut in such a way that the width of one end becomes half that of a full brick, while the width at the other end is equal to the full width, then it is called as king closer. It is obtained by cutting out a triangular portion of the brick between the centre of one end (width side) and the centre of the other end (lay side). Thus it has half header and half stretcher face.

5. Beveled Closer

It is a form of king closer in which the whole length of the brick (i.e. stretcher face) is chamfered or beveled in such a way that half width is maintained at one end and full width is maintained at the other end.

6. Mitred Closer

It is a portion of a brick whose one end is cut splayed or mitred for full width. The angle of splay may vary from 450 to 600. Thus one longer face of the mitred closer is of full length of the brick while the other longer face is smaller in length.

King closer - Beveled closer - Mitred closer
King closer – Beveled closer – Mitred closer

7. Bat

When a brick is cut across the width, the resulting piece is called bat. Thus a bat is smaller in length than the full brick.

8. Half Bat

If the length of the bat is equal to half the length of the original brick, it is known as half bat.

9. Three Quarter Bat

It is a form of brick bat having its length equal to three quarter of the length of a full brick.

10. Beveled Bat

A brick bat is called beveled bat, when its width has beveled.

Different forms of brick bat
Different forms of brick bat

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