WHAT IS VOLUME BATCHING OF CONCRETE AND HOW IT IS DONE IN FIELD?

What Is Volume Batching of Concrete?

Batching of concrete means measuring different ingredients of concrete (i.e. cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water) before mixing it. When this measurement is done on the basis of volume, we call it Volume Batching. Below are mentioned some of important points to remember before adopting volume batching method in field.

  • Volume batching is not a good method for measuring concrete materials.
  • It is not applicable in case of reinforced concrete structure.
  • This method of concrete batching may not be economical.
  • It can be only used for unimportant concrete or for small concrete works.

How Volume Batching Is Done In Field?

Before batching concrete ingredients in terms of volume, we need to know two things.

  1. What is the relative proportion of concrete ingredients in terms of volume?
  2. What is the water-cement ratio?

After knowing these two things you can proceed to batch concrete ingredients in field.

The table shown below can be used as a reference to find out relative proportion of different ingredients, for different grades of concrete.

Grade of Concrete

Relative Proportion of Ingredients by Volume

In General We Specify It As

Cement

Fine Aggregate

Coarse Aggregate

M 10

1

3

6

1:3:6

M 15

1

2

4

1:2:4

M 20

1

1.5

3

1:1.5:3

M 25

1

1

2

1:1:2

The water-cement ratio to be used must be as per the contract.

Step-1-Batching of cement

Cement is always measured by weight. Mostly it is used in terms of bags. One bag of cement weighs 50 kg and has a volume of 35 litres (or, 0.035m3). Cement should not be batched by volume because its weight per unit volume varies according to the way the container is filled.

Step-2-Batching of aggregate (by volume)

Gauge Box
Gauge Box

A gauge box is used (as shown in the picture) for batching of fine and coarse aggregate by volume. The box should not be too shallow. It should be completely filled with aggregates. The top of the materials should be struck off level with a straight edge. The ratio of materials of concrete decides the capacity of the box. Generally capacity of a gauge box is equal to the volume of one bag of cement (i.e. 35 litres). Convenient sizes of gauge boxes to suit different proportions are given in the table below.

Capacity In Litres

Inside Dimensions of gauge box in cm

Length

Breadth

Depth

25

25

25

40

30

25

25

48

35

27

27

48

40

29

29

48

45

30

30

50

50

31

31

52

 Note: The moisture present in aggregates and bulking of sand must be accounted for while volume batching is adopted.

The following table gives the approximate surface moisture carried by aggregates as per IS-456-2000.

Condition of Aggregates

Approximate Quantity of Surface Mositure

Percent by Mass

Litre per m3

Very wet sand

7.5

120

Moderately wet sand

5.0

80

Moist sand

2.5

40

Moist gravel or crushed rock

1.25-2.5

20-40

Step-3-Batching of water

Water is measured either in kg or litres as may be convenient. In this case, the two units are same, as the density of water is one kg per litre. The quantity of water required is calculated by multiplying water-cement ratio with weight of cement.

Also Read: Worked Out Example on Volume Batching of Concrete

Also Read: How to Mix Concrete Manually On Site?

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