Mud has been the easiest form of material available for building construction. It has been adopted for various elements in the house in different forms. Floorings in mud have mostly been adopted in village housing as besides being economical, mud is readily available and the flooring is easy to construct and maintain.
Bricks have been the mainstay of building construction in India since time of Mohenjadaro and Harappa. It has been successfully used for foundations, walls, roof, floors etc. Brick flooring is advantageous in areas where bricks are available locally. Such floorings are easy to construct with the help of local mason and are also economical.
Stone are available in plenty across the entire stretch of the country. Many of these are suitable for providing floors in residential construction. Stones suited for the purpose should be strong and able to resist abrasion and impact besides giving a pleasing appearance. Some of the stones which is used for floor construction are given below.
Cement Concrete Flooring
Cement concrete flooring is one of the most common types of flooring provided in houses. This type of flooring is quite durable, easy to construct and maintain besides being economical as compared to tile, marble and other such type of floorings.
Terrazzo Flooring or Mosaic Flooring
Terrazzo flooring is yet another type of flooring that has been commonly used in India. As this type of flooring gives a pleasing look, it has been extensively provided in living rooms, bed rooms etc.
Marble flooring has traditionally been provided in religious places, palaces, havelis etc, as it enhances the look of the structure. Lately such flooring has been used extensively in residential buildings also. Marble floorings are costly and can be used preferable for living rooms and bed rooms.
Flooring tiles in India have over the years gained popularity over the cement and concrete flooring. Tiles are available in different patterns, designs and utility options. Usually they are costlier than the cement concrete flooring and its cost depends upon the type of tile being used. Various types of flooring tiles are as follows.
Wooden flooring is most commonly used in hilly regions of the country where the temperature are quite low. At present they are also being provided in floors of high end housing to give a good appearance.
Bamboo flooring is very commonly used in areas where bamboo is available locally. However such floorings have recently become quite popular due to its aesthetics, being uniquely attractive, strong and resilient, dimensionally stable, moisture and stain resistant and being environmentally friendly. It is also said to have better properties than hard wood.
Linoleum flooring is usually provided on a floor base which is already smooth and plain. It is suitable for interior locations in a building. Linoleum is a combustible material and should not be used in areas prone to fire etc. It should also not be used in areas which are likely to become damp over a period of time.