Cement concrete flooring is one of the most common types of flooring provided in houses. This type of flooring has following advantages.

  • Easy to construct and maintain
  • Economical as compared to tiles, marbles flooring

Step-by-Step Procedure for Cement Concrete Floor Construction

Cement concrete floor section
Cement concrete floor section
  1. First properly compact the earth in the plinth. While compacting, care has to be taken that a proper slope as required for the floor is provided.
  2. Over this compacted earth filling, uniformly spread a layer of clean coarse sand about 10 to 15 cm thick.
  3. A base concrete of grade M10 (1 cement : 3 sand : 6 coarse aggregate) is then laid over the sand layer in the required slope and tamped properly. The thickness of base concrete is generally 100 mm.
  4. Level the top of the base concrete and left it to set and harden.
  5. Thoroughly clean the surface upon hardening.
  6. Divide the top of the floor into panels, rectangular or square in shape, by using glass or other strips. The area of the panels should preferably less than 2 square meters.
  7. After completion of the paneling, moist the top of the base concrete and apply cement slurry on it.
  8. Over this cement slurry, provide a layer of cement concrete of grade M15 (1 cement : 2 sand : 4 coarse aggregate) of required thickness (say 40 mm).
  9. Tamp the top surface thoroughly to compact it and use wooden floats to obtain a smooth surface. The surface so obtained is cured for about 10 days before putting it to use.

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