Cement concrete flooring is one of the most common types of flooring provided in houses. This type of flooring has following advantages.
- Easy to construct and maintain
- Economical as compared to tiles, marbles flooring
Step-by-Step Procedure for Cement Concrete Floor Construction
- First properly compact the earth in the plinth. While compacting, care has to be taken that a proper slope as required for the floor is provided.
- Over this compacted earth filling, uniformly spread a layer of clean coarse sand about 10 to 15 cm thick.
- A base concrete of grade M10 (1 cement : 3 sand : 6 coarse aggregate) is then laid over the sand layer in the required slope and tamped properly. The thickness of base concrete is generally 100 mm.
- Level the top of the base concrete and left it to set and harden.
- Thoroughly clean the surface upon hardening.
- Divide the top of the floor into panels, rectangular or square in shape, by using glass or other strips. The area of the panels should preferably less than 2 square meters.
- After completion of the paneling, moist the top of the base concrete and apply cement slurry on it.
- Over this cement slurry, provide a layer of cement concrete of grade M15 (1 cement : 2 sand : 4 coarse aggregate) of required thickness (say 40 mm).
- Tamp the top surface thoroughly to compact it and use wooden floats to obtain a smooth surface. The surface so obtained is cured for about 10 days before putting it to use.